LIMA is the capital city of the Peru, as well as its largest and most populous city. It is located on the central coast of this country, on the shores of the Pacific Ocean, where it forms a continuous urban area that stretches on the valleys of the Chillón, Rímac and Lurín rivers, in the provinces of Lima, its headquarters, and Callao.
Founded by Spanish conquistador Francisco Pizarro on January 18, 1535 as the "city of Kings'.
It was the capital of the Viceroyalty of the Peru during the Spanish regime and after independence became the capital of the Republic of Peru.
As of the Census of 2007, Metropolitan Lima has a population of about 8.5 million - still more than 7.6 million residents of the province of Lima-, representing 30% of the Peruvian population, making it the greater metropolis of the Peru, as well as the fifth most populous in Latin America and one of 30 of the world's largest metropolitan areas.
That is to see in Lima.
• Historic centre, churches, carved balconies, remnants of the colony.
• Pachacamaq, Center of pilgrimage of the incas. Citadel of clay.
• Miraflores and San Isidro. Modern area, food of all kinds, accommodations and beaches.
• Ravine, Pubs, nightclubs, art galleries.
• Museums, there are museums pre Hispanic, colonial and Republican.
• and Callao, the fortress of great Philip to defend Lima from pirates and privateers, Palomino Islands.
• Cultural complex of Caral, Citadel of 5000 years.
• Surfing, paragliding, river rafting. On the beaches.
• Diverse restaurants food international, Nikkei, kitchen Chinese Peruvian, typical of all the regions of the country. Fish and seafood.
• January 18. Anniversary of the city of Lima. Concerts, fairs etc.
• second week of March. Harvest of Surco, fair of wines.
• February. National Pisco day.
• 20 - 28 April. The Peruvian Paso horse competition.
• August. Meeting of Latin American cinema.
• October. Month of Mr. of the miracles.
• 31 October. Day of Criolla song.
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